NEW Fox News articles can now be heard on audio! The American Civil War, the worst military battle in American history, was influenced by slavery.
Between 1525 and 1866, more than 12 million slaves from Africa were transported to the Western Hemisphere via the Trans-Atlantic trade routes. However, only 10.7 million slaves made it to the New World after being transported to North America in numbers of 388,000. The campaign to end slavery in the United States was mostly led by the Abolition Movement.
WHAT YEAR DID THE USA ABOLISH SLAVERY? With the adoption of the 13th Amendment, which Congress ratified on January 31, 1865, slavery in the United States was declared to be ended. This occurred on December 6, 1865. According to the amendment, “no slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist inside the United States, or any area subject to their jurisdiction, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.”
The Emancipation Proclamation, which President Abraham Lincoln issued in 1863, stated that “all persons held as slaves within any State, or designated part of a State, the people of which shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” This was the most significant effort to abolish slavery to that point. However, because it only emancipated slaves in territories that were actively rebelling against the Union and not in border states like Kentucky or West Virginia, this did not put an end to slavery. Lincoln therefore attempted to elevate the 13th Amendment’s goal of ending slavery to the top of the Republican Party platform for the 1864 presidential contest.
AMERICA’S REUNION BY LINCOLN AND DOUGLASS IN “THE PRESIDENT AND THE FREEDOM FIGHTER”
Initially, in April 1864, the 14th Amendment was approved by the Senate but not by the House of Representatives. But following the 1864 election, the House voted 119–56 in favor of the amendment. Lincoln gave the resolution his approval in February 1865 and sent it to the state legislatures for ratification. In order to safeguard Americans’ civil rights in the years following the Civil War, the 14th and 15th Amendments soon joined the 13th.
WHAT IS JUNETEENTH AND WHY DO WE CELEBRATE IT?
WHICH STATES ABOLISHED SLAVERY ON WHAT DATE?
In December 1865, the required three-fourths of states adopted the 13th amendment. Mississippi was the last of the four states to vote against ratification. Mississippi failed to notify the US Archivist when the state legislature first adopted the amendment in 1995, so it was not made official until it was done so in 2013.